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Tobacco leaves have been the source of a buzz or a subtle rush for thousands of years. Along with nicotine, tobacco in cigarettes has provided an addictive pleasure that many governments around the world have taxed heavily to make it an expensive pastime. Cigars and at one-time snuff was popular, though the last couple of decades has seen the popularisation of vaping, without some of the problems created by nicotine.
The Decline of Smoking
Only a few decades ago when it seemed that most people smoked, it was fashionable to be seen with a cigarette. In fact, stars of the sport of screen endorsed the product. Women who smoked were looked upon as chic. Tobacco companies paid stars thousands of dollars – as well as a year’s supply of cigarettes – to promote their products on and off-screen. A report published in the journal Tobacco Control in 2008 reveals how Hollywood stars made millions promoting tobacco. In 1937-8, actors including Gary Cooper, Joan Crawford, Clark Gable, and Spencer Tracy, were each paid $10,000 (the equivalent to $146,000, or £80,000, in today’s money) by American Tobacco to promote its Lucky Strike brand. That year, the cigarette company paid film stars $218,750 – more than $3m at today’s prices. Almost 200 stars, including two-thirds of the top box-office actors of the late 1930s and 1940s, were contracted to tobacco companies.
By the early 1950s, the tobacco industry switched its attention to the TV. But by 1980, smoking on screen was making a comeback, despite increased knowledge of the dangers to health. Around that time ‘The Marlboro Man’ could be seen on billboards across America and in most parts of the world between 1954 and 1999. The image created by Marlboro of the white, adventuresome cowboy, alone on the frontier, was cultivated by 19th Century Wild West Shows. Before this campaign, Marlboro was considered a “women’s” smoke. Within a year of Marlboro Man’s debut, the company went from holding only a one percent market share to being the fourth bestselling brand in America. America loved Marlboros: Sales hit $5 billion in 1955, an over 3000 percent increase over 1954—the year prior to the Marlboro Man campaign.
Before these popular slogans were “Reach for a Lucky instead of a sweet,” “More doctors smoke Camels,” and Marlboro’s early “Ivory tip protects your lips.” The good times for tobacco companies came to an end with restrictions on who and where people could smoke followed by multi-million-dollar lawsuits brought about by families of cancer victims that saw many tobaccos file for bankruptcy.
The sky-high cost of smoking cigarettes publicized health risks and bans on smoking in public places has seen the rise in vaping. The man recognized as the inventor of vaping is a Chinese smoker and pharmacist Hon Lik who introduced what we know as the e-cigarette in 2003. Back in 1927, Joseph Robinson came up with the first “electric vaporizer,” a device he said was for “medicinal compounds.” What was believed to be the first US patent for an “electric vaporizer” was filed by him. Robinson believed his device would it easier to inhale vapors “without any possibility of being burned.” Herbert Gilbert filed a patent for this “smokeless non-tobacco cigarette” on April 17. 1963 and Jed Rose, who invented the first nicotine patch, experimented with “distilled smoke” in his laboratory at UCLA in the 1980s.
Lik was a heavy smoker who used up to three packs of cigarettes a day. He was determined to invent a new device after his own father, who was also a smoker, died of lung cancer. “I believed that if I could use vapor to simulate cigarette smoke, this could help me,” Lik, who now smokes cigarettes and vapes commented.
There is evidence that e-cigarettes can help people quit smoking if they’re part of a larger cessation program and receive support and counseling. The British government’s medical service the NHS wrote: “A major UK clinical trial published in 2019 found that, when combined with expert face-to-face support, people who used e-cigarettes to quit smoking were twice as likely to succeed as people who used other nicotine replacement products, such as patches or gum. You will not get the full benefit from vaping unless you stop smoking cigarettes completely. You can get advice from a specialist vape shop or your local stop smoking service.
The human body is a complex thing. There are so many functions within our own bodies that many of us simply do not understand. Every day scientists are discovering new and exciting features that our bodies have, so it is easy to understand why you may not be aware of all of them.
Something that people are recently becoming much more aware of is the microbiome. If you have not heard of that word, don’t be too surprised, as the microbiome has only just been highlighted as an important part of the human body. But what exactly is the microbiome and why should you care?
What is the microbiome?
Though the name leaves a lot to the imagination, the microbiome is actually really easy to understand. The human body is made up of over one hundred trillion microbes which can be located predominantly in the gut and large intestine.
The microbiome is essentially the genetic material of all of the bacteria, fungus, and viruses that can be found within the human genome. Though when you look at those words, you may believe that the microbiome must be a negative thing, this is actually a very common misconception. In fact, the microbiome is an essential part of the human body.
The bacteria that can be found in the microbiome is an essential tool when it comes to completing tasks like food digestion. It is also a key player when it comes to regulating our immune systems and fighting against other bacteria. Not only this, but the microbiome produces a lot of the vitamins that are essential to the health of our bodies. One of the most vital vitamins that the microbiome produces is vitamin K, which helps to keep your blood coagulated, which is key for helping overcome injuries and other issues.
Why should you care about your microbiome?
There are many reasons that you should care about your microbiome. First of all, it is one of the main components of your genetic makeup that keeps your body functioning. Not only is the microbiome essential for your human development, but it is also a key source of nutrition and immunity to life-threatening diseases.
Though the microbiome is a source of nutrients for your body, it can also be the cause of a lot of health issues that you face and so it is important to understand it and be able to treat it right. For example, a lot of the diseases that we spend so much of our life trying to avoid can actually be caused by dysfunction in the microbiome. This includes issues such as diabetes, arthritis, and even fibromyalgia.
It is essential that you provide the best possible care for your microbiome in order to avoid mutations, that’s why it is recommended that you take supplements to help with its function. If you are in a situation where you don’t really know how to address treating your microbiome right, look up probiotic reviews as probiotics can be extremely beneficial for your microbiome.
The town of Danbury, Connecticut has recently declared war in the fight against homelessness, what was previously a town known for its homelessness issues has since made a significant change towards providing homes for those who are less fortunate. Both the residents and governors of our small town have started various initiatives to help provide high-quality support and shelter for those who are unfortunately left to fend for themselves on the streets. In a comment from the town hall today stating that the issue had been going on untreated for too long now, it is nice to see our official organizations taking the right steps to help end homelessness in this town.
Thanks to a recent drive in increasing donations from the public as well as increased government funding, Danbury now has the resources it needs to help the unfortunate citizens who currently find themselves without a home. Homelessness has been an issue for many years now with specialist cases of people from a variety of different backgrounds and circumstances, with limited resources finding these people help was very difficult and the many charities and organizations designated to offer respite were placed under a lot of pressure. Thanks to the current increase in funds we can now start putting steps in motion to help get the homeless the assistance and the homes they require.
Danbury’s recent focus on encouraging both the town’s council and the public to help raise money to support the various charities and organizations that are currently in place, previously these organizations were under major pressure thanks to having limited resources so it is amazing to see so many innovative ideas from the public to raise additional funds. From sponsored events at schools to people taking it upon themselves to hold bake sales and other charity events. Thanks to this huge surge in donations we can finally begin the process of putting more permanent measures in place to protect and house the homeless.
Extra Resources For The Homeless
Now that money is not an issue in the fight against homelessness Danbury has pledged to make sure that the resources currently available for the homeless are up to scratch and that they have everything they need to keep providing aid. Five more soup kitchens have been opened with help from volunteer staff so that the homeless have more safe places that they can visit for warmth and a hot meal. With the new funding therapists and trained social workers have also been appointed at the new soup kitchens to see if more help can be provided than just a meal, it has been stated on numerous occasions that we should be focussing on seeing what can be done to solve homelessness in the long run, rather than just offering temporary relief.
As mentioned previously the new resources we now have available have been put towards the creation of more permanent protective measures for the homeless in the form of shelter and housing. Thanks to the generosity of a local construction agency the process of building multiple accommodations all to help the homeless and provide shelter from living on the streets. The building agency in question has asked to remain anonymous but thanks to their ability to put together multiple accommodation pods a day they have done a serious amount of work in order to help end homelessness. They said ‘in danbury we constructed a new roof that is cheap but effective in providing reliable shelter from the elements, this development has seriously changed the way that these accommodations are made.’
Emotional Support For The Homeless
Although it cannot be stressed enough that the relief provided from an increase in resources has been truly life-changing for these vulnerable people, it is often overlooked that many homeless people have gone through significant emotional trauma. It is not always talked about that many homeless individuals suffer from mental health issues that have not been addressed for some years. With this in mind, our homelessness charity organizations have started to address these issues by increasing the amount of trained staff that are appointed at places like soup kitchens so they are available to help with any emotional issues.