As the past century evolved, many avant-garde art movements helped shape modern art. While several of these movements, including subconscious surrealism and energetic abstract expressionism, were primarily characterized by paintings, the Bauhaus movement featured a wide range Over the course of the 1920s and 1930s, Bauhaus art dominated a wide spectrum of experimental European art, ranging from paintings and graphics to architecture and interior design. While it is considered a most closely associated with Germany, artists from all over the world were inspired by its art. Its influence can today be seen in all kinds of art and design, no matter where it is found, whether in the walls of a museum or on a street in the suburbs.
What is Bauhaus?
It was a school of arts in Germany at the turn of the 20th century. Bauhaus was literally translated as “construction house”. After being founded by Walter Gropius in 1908, the school eventually developed into its own modern art movement. The school’s unique approach to architecture and design served as its distinguishing feature. Known for both its unique aesthetic, which inventively incorporates fine art with contemporary arts, and its enduring influence on modern and contemporary art, Bauhaus is one of the most popular movements in modern art history.
The Erste Bauhaus, or Erste Bauhaus, was founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius, a German architect committed to bringing together all As an important hub of Europe’s most experimental artists, the school was tapped by well-known artists such as Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, and Paul Klee to serve
A Bauhaus was an educational institution in three cities – Berlin (1932 to 1933), Dessau (1925 to 1932), and Weimar (1919 to 1925).
It was in Weimar – the State Bauhaus of Weimar – that Gropius laid the groundwork for Bauhaus It was here that he established ideals that would be considered groundbreaking at the time of his manifesto and program. His manifesto and program said that art was to serve a social function and different crafts should no longer be divided. As part of the education at Weimar, the “stage workshop” had a very important role. Between 1921 and 1923, it was directed by Lothar Schreyer, and between 1923 and 1925, it was directed by Oskar Schlemmer. An overview of visual and performing arts was provided, as well as
During the heyday of the Bauhaus movement, Dessau was a hotspot. The Weimar Republic ended due to a politically motivated closure. In this period, it began on a journey to design new industrial products that would be It was also here that Gropius planned and built the famous Bauhaus Building. (Most of the products and designs we are familiar with originated from Dessau.) After this iteration of Bauhaus dissolved on September 30, 1932, Bauhaus as it was known effectively ended.
During Bauhaus’ last phase, Berlin was the center of activity. After Dessau closed, the Bauhaus masters and students reconvened in October 1932 in an abandoned telephone factory after mounting pressure from the Nazis and cutbacks in funding. The move to Berlin was made a couple of years after the closing of Dessau. In any case, the premises had been searched and closed by SA on April 11, 1933. Upon dissolution of the Bauhaus, the faculty voted to shut it down The Bauhaus movement was born out of the aesthetics and influence of the school, even after it faced closure.
Style of Bauhaus
Bauhaus architecture, interior design, and paintings are characterized by geometric shapes and little ornamentation, a result of a mixture of the Arts and Crafts movement and modernism. The Tate states that Bauhaus aim to bring art back into contact with every day life.
As seen in the balance of compositions of modern abstract paintings by Bauhaus artists like Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, there is a strong focus on function. It is clear that the paintings are inspired by architecture, as they often combine flat planes with overlapping shapes to suggest depth.
Besides painting, abstract sculptures and collages, and posters with bold typography and blocks of color were also typical works of art from this period.
Architecture in this style, similar to Bauhaus art, is characterized by harmony and geometric balance with an emphasis on functionality.
It was inspired by the simple, yet polished look of the Arts and Crafts movement of the U.S. This architectural art movement was popularized by Frank Lloyd Wright, the master architect and Pioneer of the Prairie School movements.
In addition, this movement heavily influenced the style of mid-century modern housing of the day, which borrowed the clean lines and functional design of Bauhaus-style
Bauhaus Interior Design
Simple lines and open spaces are hallmarks of Bauhaus interior design. It is believed that all the iconic furniture that decorated these spaces was a result of deliberate choice. Marcel Breuer was the head of the cabinet-making workshop at the Bauhaus in Dessau. His designs for chairs, for example, were reimagined by Marcel Breuer. The majority of his pieces were made of metal and he aimed to create minimalistic and mass-produceable pieces. We designed the Wassily Chair in honor of the painter Wassily Kandinsky as a lightweight, foldable chair with a modern aesthetic. Bauhaus interior design also featured textiles, although they played a more subtle role than furniture. While taking the textile workshop, students had the opportunity to study color theory and weave. The artist’s pieces, as well as the occasional painting, added some humor to the otherwise functional
As a catalyst for modern architecture and design, and an important influence on mid-20th century painting and sculpture, Bauhaus is often recognized as one of the most influential institutions of our time. In addition to the Bauhaus Dessau World Heritage Site, there are many other buildings that have been turned into popular tourist destinations and house museums. Many modern art museums display the works of art in their permanent collections.